If you have not read Sam Harris excellent essay, Drugs and the Meaning of Life, I highly recommend that you read it immediately.
I created a wordle of his entire essay and references.
I love this article by Gregory W. Lester, Why Bad Beliefs Don’t Die.
Please at least skim the article before reading here further. Here’s a brief quote:
First, skeptics must not expect beliefs to change simply as the result of data or assuming that people are stupid because their beliefs don’t change. They must avoid becoming critical or demeaning in response to the resilience of beliefs. People are not necessarily idiots just because their beliefs don’t yield to new information. Data is always necessary, but it is rarely sufficient.
Second, skeptics must learn to always discuss not just the specific topic addressed by the data, but also the implications that changing the related beliefs will have for the fundamental worldview and belief system of the affected individuals. Unfortunately, addressing belief systems is a much more complicated and daunting task than simply presenting contradictory evidence. Skeptics must discuss the meaning of their data in the face of the brain’s need to maintain its belief system in order to maintain a sense of wholeness, consistency, and control in life. Skeptics must become adept at discussing issues of fundamental philosophies and the existential anxiety that is stirred up any time beliefs are challenged. The task is every bit as much philosophical and psychological as it is scientific and data-based.
1. This is depressing because, say, ~80% of people are hardwired biologically to not be skeptical, to not be atheist, etc. They are literally hardwired to never even consider any facts that would challenge their world view.
2. So the Dawkins and Sam Harrises of the world are largely preaching only to the 20% of those who can be skeptics. They are preaching to either the converted choir or the potential choir member that is in the closet.
I used to think, well, if I hammer evidence, and reason, and systematically build my logical case, the listener has no choice but to agree.
Now, I think mainly that it is largely pointless.
Sure, try to debunk the obvious ripoff artists like Williamson and Martin do, that’s great work. (Two gents in Sarasota that debunked the Power Band craze at a mall here locally.)
Also, try to mobilize that ~20% who can be skeptical, mobilize and realize political power, do all we can to keep science in textbooks, keep state and church separate.
But beyond that, there’s 80% who will never buy a word of anything skeptical or atheist because their survival instinct tells them not to.
And Barbara G. Walker’s books are great, and we can only hope that they’ll reach the full ~20% of those who will be receptive. But more and more, I’m thinking that there is indeed a ceiling and 20% may be a generous estimate.
We stand on the shoulders of intellectual giants who came before us, and you can argue that Walker is one of our generation’s giants upon whose shoulders future generation’s giants shall stand even taller.
BUT, that 80% will not be affected one whit.
Is 80% to low of a number? Is it a fluid number, is it slowly creeping up from 5% in Puritanical American times? Are we slowly making progress?
I have no idea, but that 20% ceiling seems, to me, and although probably subjectively put there, lurking in the distance, and quite possibly immovable.
I’d love if anyone wants to chime in with a view or views, or to take my nihilism depressing take to task.
I’ll leave you with the end of Lester’s article.
Finally, it should be comforting to all skeptics to remember that the truly amazing part of all of this is not that so few beliefs change or that people can be so irrational, but that anyone’s beliefs ever change at all. Skeptics’ ability to alter their own beliefs in response to data is a true gift; a unique, powerful, and precious ability. It is genuinely a “higher brain function” in that it goes against some of the most natural and fundamental biological urges. Skeptics must appreciate the power and, truly, the dangerousness that this ability bestows upon them. They have in their possession a skill that can be frightening, life-changing, and capable of inducing pain. In turning this ability on others it should be used carefully and wisely. Challenging beliefs must always be done with care and compassion.
Scientific consensus is a high bar to reach indeed. Wikipedia defines scientific consensus as
Scientific consensus is the collective judgement, position, and opinion of the community of scientists in a particular field of study. Consensus implies general agreement, though not necessarily unanimity. Scientific consensus is not by itself a scientific argument, and it is not part of the scientific method. Nevertheless, consensus may be based on both scientific arguments and the scientific method.
One of the ways that scientific consensus is reached is through vigorous peer review. Reading PZ Meyers’ blog entry Do not respect authority, a scathing critique of a talk by Nobel Prize winner Kary Mullis was a joy.
Really, though, the only reason to listen to this mess is at the end, somewhere past the one hour mark, where he’s dealing with the Q&A, and two people, a student and a faculty member, actually have the guts to question him critically. Mullis can’t answer them; he basically makes an argument from authority, claiming that he’s been studying diseases since before the student was born, and even stooping to calling him a “little boy”. It got ugly there. Mullis not only is incapable of assembling a coherent thought, but turns surly when anyone does not fawn over him.
The student and the professor who are willing to argue with the credentialed buffoon are the only shining lights in this depressing spectacle.
If one wasn’t already convinced that people can accept overwhelming scientific consensus as something quite near to fact, after reading this example of one such critique, it may allow one to breath a little easier.
I originally posted this as a Facebook note on Oct 7, 2009.
We are all so lucky to be alive, when you consider that the sperm that fertilized the egg that created you was one of an average of 300 million sperm per ejaculation.
The make up of our ‘common sense’ brain is not conducive to analyzing numbers like that.
But if you take the path from the East coast US to the West coast US, about 3,075 miles, the chances that you came to exist out of that one ejaculation are roughly the same as a quarter rolled down that road landing specifically in your one and a half inch section of it. If it landed anywhere else on the road, it would be someone else that existed, but you won the lottery!
Now take that back 10 ancestors. Take it back 1000. And consider the fact that we are only talking about 1 of thousands of ejaculations! If you’re a math nerd like, me the odds that you exist are utterly mind shattering when you think about it.
The moral of the nerdy story is that wasting even a minute of our short time on earth is just silly!
And yes, I’m pretty damn sure that I’m going to have to go into science in some capacity at some point….
Hey, I’m a slow learner, but at least I’m catching on:)
It is truly amazing that each day, numerous new scientific breakthroughs are discovered. Science Daily is a great resource to keep up on the latest exciting discoveries. Below is just a small samping of recent discoveries.
However, wasps do not always pollinate the fig. Fig trees “punish” these “cheaters” by dropping unpollinated fruit, killing the wasp’s offspring inside, report researchers working at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
“Sanctions seem to be a necessary force in keeping this, and other, mutually-beneficial relationships on track when being part of a mutualism is costly,” said Jandér. “In our study, we saw less cheating when sanctions were stronger
Statistical data revealed peaks, which may be outbreaks of appendicitis, in the years 1977, 1981, 1984, 1987, 1994 and 1998. In addition, researchers uncovered some seasonal trends for appendicitis, documenting a slight increase in appendicitis cases during the summer.
“The peaks and valleys of appendicitis cases generally matched up over time, suggesting it is possible that these disorders share common etiologic determinates, pathogenetic mechanisms or environmental factors that similarly affect their incidence,” Dr. Livingston said.
“But both the mice and humans found to have the alternation in the BDNF gene took significantly longer to ‘get over’ the innocuous stimuli and stop having a conditioned fear response,” explains Dr. Fatima Soliman, lead author of the study, who is currently a Tri-Institutional MD-PhD student, and has completed her Ph.D. in the labs of Drs. B.J. Casey and Francis S. Lee.
Surgeons from UC Davis Medical Center have demonstrated that artificial muscles can restore the ability of patients with facial paralysis to blink, a development that could benefit the thousands of people each year who no longer are able to close their eyelids due to combat-related injuries, stroke, nerve injury or facial surgery.
In a just-published series of studies involving hundreds of volunteers, researchers have found that watching or even thinking about someone with good self-control makes others more likely exert self-control.
If still can’t get enough science, the IMAX Hubble 3D experience starts March 19th, 2010 exclusively at IMAX and IMAX 3D locations.
Above all else, I am two things: I am insatiably curious, and I am a lover of truth.
This quest for truth, driven by an insatiable curiosity, has affected me two ways lately. First of all, I realized that I “missed my calling” and that I belong in scientific research, where I can actually use my grey matter to contribute. Secondly, I have been more vocal about my lack of belief in gods.
As an accountant, a financial analyst, and a poker player, I rarely got to use my grey matter, and never contributed. The hardest part of putting up with those first two jobs are the insane non-performance related skills/politics that it takes to succeed. I absolutely do not have the emotional makeup to thrive in such an environment. I certainly admire those of you that do have this make up, although I do not think I will ever understand it. Those jobs are square, I am a circle, and you really can’t square a circle.
Second, I have been more vocal about my atheism. When you look at all the evidence for, for instance, the christian god, and examine it using the scientific method, you will not need much storage space, because there simply isn’t any evidence at all.
“Well, then there does not need to be evidence, because it is a matter of faith,” I am told.
But is it not amazing that this ‘matter of faith’ happens always to be the same religion as the speaker’s parents? That is one remarkable coincidence!
A childhood neighbor, who is religious, posted his amazement at the ‘Body’ exhibit. He credited a god that designed our wonderful bodies. But if he studied the evidence deeply, he would see how awful our bodies are if you credit them to some ‘intelligent designer’. Off the top of my head, the blind spot in our eyes, the retina attached backward, common back problems, and nasal problems are all evidence of a very ‘unintelligent designer’, if one insists on a designer. Sadly, most do not know of these basic scientific facts, because, sadly, most people are willfully ignorant about most things.
And in my estimation, a philosophy of how to live your life is the last thing we should be willfully ignorant about.
When you look at all of the evidence, there is no reason to believe in any god or higher being. (We evolved through evolution by natural selection. The evidence overwhelmingly asserts this.)
If you believe in a god, you are deluded. If you have dedicated your life to this delusion, you have wasted your life. Religion has been weighed in the balances and found lacking. But, be of good cheer, former Christian, it’s never too late for knowledge!
Many of my deluded friends and family may read this, and these frank statements may seem rather rude. But, if I can get just one on the critical thinking path, and save just one of them from the wasted energy and effort that they put into worshiping a figment of their imagination, it’s worth a million hurt feelings.
An all powerful god that demands to be worshiped for the greatness of being in his natural state is absolutely pathetic. The god of the bible is an absolute horrid example of good morals.
Alas, I wanted to briefly touch on how religion has done more harm than good, but I must sojourn to my temp accounting job, so I will leave you right here. Happy Monday!
Edit: I must briefly add that many who read this will immediately point out all the good things they do and wrongly attribute this to belief in a god or higher power. This behavior is actually genetically programmed in primates (and common in many species) and you do yourself a disservice when you credit this innate trait to an external source. No time for links and proof, but I can provide them if you are curious at a later time, just ask.
Many people hold a belief, or take a course of action for one reason, and one reason only: Because the Bible says so. These actions and beliefs are rubbish.
The most common monstrosity that I have observed is unfettered homophobia.